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De La Bacterii La Om

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Ernst Mayr

De La Bacterii La Om

Editura: Humanitas

Anul aparitiei: 2008

Daca Darwin ar mai fi in viata, cum ar arata o versiune actualizata a Originii speciilor, dupa remarcabilele progrese in genetica din ultimele decenii? Raspunsul la aceasta intrebare e dat, implicit, de cartea lui Ernst Mayr, considerat „un Darwin al secolului XX", figura centrala a sintezei realizate intre evolutionism si genetica. In "De la bacterii la om", Mayr explica, intr-un limbaj accesibil si limpede, mecanismele evolutiei lumii vii si problemele de fond cu care e confruntata azi biologia, iar in sectiunea finala ofera o imagine impresionanta asupra aparitiei omului si constiintei umane.

  

What Evolution Is

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Ernst Mayr, Jared Diamond

What Evolution Is

Editura: Basic Books

Anul aparitiei: 2002

At once a spirited defense of Darwinian explanations of biology and an elegant primer on evolution for the general reader, What Evolution Is poses the questions at the heart of evolutionary theory and considers how our improved understanding of evolution has affected the viewpoints and values of modern man.Science Masters Series

  

The Birds of Northern Melanesia: Speciation,

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Ernst Mayr (Author)

The Birds of Northern Melanesia: Speciation, Ecology, and Biogeography

Editura: OXFORD UNIV PR

Anul aparitiei: 2001

Speciation is the process by which co-existing daughter species evolve from one ancestral species - e.g., humans, chimpanzees, and gorillas arising from a common ancestor around 5,000,000 years ago. However, many questions about speciation remain controversial. The Birds of Northern Melanesia provides by far the most comprehensive study yet available of a rich fauna, composed of the 195 breeding land and fresh-water bird species of the Bismarck and Solomon Archipelagoes east of New Guinea. This avifauna offers decisive advantages for understanding speciation, and includes famous examples of geographic variation discussed in textbooks of evolutionary biology. The book results from 30 years of collaboration between the evolutionary biologist Ernst Mayr and the ecologist Jared Diamond. It shows how Northern Melanesian bird distributions provide snapshots of all stages in speciation, from the earliest (widely distributed species without geographic variation) to the last (closely related, reproductively isolated species occurring sympatrically and segregating ecologically). The presentation emphasizes the wide diversity of speciation outcomes, steering a middle course between ...

  

What Makes Biology Unique?: Considerations on the

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Ernst Mayr (Author)

What Makes Biology Unique?: Considerations on the Autonomy of a Scientific Discipline

Editura: CAMBRIDGE UNIV PR

Anul aparitiei: 2007

This collection of revised and new essays argues that biology is an autonomous science rather than a branch of the physical sciences. Ernst Mayr, widely considered the most eminent evolutionary biologist of the 20th century, offers insights on the history of evolutionary thought, critiques the conditions of philosophy to the science of biology, and comments on several of the major developments in evolutionary theory. Notably, Mayr explains that Darwin's theory of evolution is actually five separate theories, each with its own history, trajectory and impact. Ernst Mayr, commonly referred to as the "Darwin of the 20th century" and listed as one of the top 100 scientists of all-time, is Professor Emeritus at Harvard University. What Makes Biology Unique is the 25th book he has written during his long and prolific career. His recent books include This is Biology: The Science of the Living World (Belknap Press, 1997) and What Evolution Is (Basic Books, 2002).

  

What Makes Biology Unique?: Considerations on the

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Ernst Mayr (Author)

What Makes Biology Unique?: Considerations on the Autonomy of a Scientific Discipline

Editura: CAMBRIDGE UNIV PR

Anul aparitiei: 2004

This collection of revised and new essays argues that biology is an autonomous science rather than a branch of the physical sciences. Ernst Mayr, widely considered the most eminent evolutionary biologist of the 20th century, offers insights on the history of evolutionary thought, critiques the conditions of philosophy to the science of biology, and comments on several of the major developments in evolutionary theory. Notably, Mayr explains that Darwin's theory of evolution is actually five separate theories, each with its own history, trajectory and impact. Ernst Mayr, commonly referred to as the "Darwin of the 20th century" and listed as one of the top 100 scientists of all-time, is Professor Emeritus at Harvard University. What Makes Biology Unique is the 25th book he has written during his long and prolific career. His recent books include This is Biology: The Science of the Living World (Belknap Press, 1997) and What Evolution Is (Basic Books, 2002).

  

Evolution and the Diversity of Life: Selected

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Ernst Mayr (Author)

Evolution and the Diversity of Life: Selected Essays

Editura: HARVARD UNIV PR

Anul aparitiei: 1997

The diversity of living forms and the unity of evolutionary processes are themes that have permeated the research and writing of Ernst Mayr, a Grand Master of evolutionary biology. The essays collected here are among his most valuable and durable: contributions that form the basis for much of the contemporary understanding of evolutionary biology. Page dim. 232 x 156 x 44 Weight: 944 grams

  

The Evolutionary Synthesis: Perspectives on the

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Ernst Mayr (Editor)

The Evolutionary Synthesis: Perspectives on the Unification of Biology, with a New Preface

Editura: HARVARD UNIV PR

Anul aparitiei: 1998

Biology was forged into a single, coherent science only within living memory. In this volume the thinkers responsible for the "modern synthesis" of evolutionary biology and genetics come together to analyze that remarkable event. In a new Preface, Ernst Mayr calls attention to the fact that scientists in different biological disciplines varied considerably in their degree of acceptance of Darwin's theories. Mayr shows us that these differences were played out in four separate periods: 1859 to 1899, 1900 to 1915, 1916 to 1936, and 1937 to 1947. He thus enables us to understand fully why the synthesis was necessary and why Darwin's original theory--that evolutionary change is due to the combination of variation and selection--is as solid at the end of the twentieth century as it was in 1859.

  

The Growth of Biological Thought: Diversity,

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Ernst Mayr (Author)

The Growth of Biological Thought: Diversity, Evolution, and Inheritance

Editura: HARVARD UNIV PR

Anul aparitiei: 1985

No one in this century can speak with greater authority on the progress of ideas in biology than Ernst Mayr. And no book has ever established the life sciences so firmly in the mainstream of Western intellectual history as The Growth of Biological Thought. Ten years in preparation, this is a work of epic proportions, tracing the development of the major problems of biology from the earliest attempts to find order in the diversity of life, to modern research into the mechanisms of gene transmission.

  

One Long Argument P

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Ernst Mayr (Author)

One Long Argument P

Editura: HARVARD UNIV PR

Anul aparitiei: 1993

Evolutionary theory ranks as one of the most powerful concepts of modern civilization. Its effects on our view of life have been wide and deep. One of the most world-shaking books ever published, Charles Darwin's On the Origin of Species, first appeared in print over 130 years ago, and it touched off a debate that rages to this day.Every modern evolutionist turns to Darwin's work again and again. Current controversies in the life sciences very often have as their starting point some vagueness in Darwin's writings or some question Darwin was unable to answer owing to the insufficient biological knowledge available during his time. Despite the intense study of Darwin's life and work, however, many of us cannot explain his theories (he had several separate ones) and the evidence and reasoning behind them, nor do we appreciate the modifications of the Darwinian paradigm that have kept it viable throughout the twentieth century.Who could elucidate the subtleties of Darwin's thought and that of his contemporaries and intellectual heirs--A. R. Wallace, T. H. Huxley, August Weismann, Asa Gray--better than Ernst Mayr, a man considered by many to be the greatest evolutionist of the century? ...

  

Populations, Species, and Evolution: An Abridgment

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Ernst Mayr (Author)

Populations, Species, and Evolution: An Abridgment of "Animal Species and Evolution"

Editura: HARVARD UNIV PR

Anul aparitiei: 1970

Representative of the international acclaim accorded Ernst Mayr's Animal Species and Evolution, published in 1963, is Sir Julian Huxley's description of it as "a magistral book... certainly the most important study of evolution that has appeared in many years--perhaps since the publication of The Origin of Species." In his extraordinary book, Mr. Mayr fully explored, synthesized, and evaluated man's knowledge about the nature of animal species and the part they play in the process of evolution.Now, in this long-awaited abridged edition, Mr. Mayr's definitive work is made available to the interested nonspecialist, the college student, and the general reader. The author has retained the dominant themes of his original study--themes now more widely accepted than they were in 1963: the species is the most important unit of evolution; individuals (and not genes) are the targets of natural selection, hence the fitness of "a" gene is a nebulous if not misleading concept; and the most important genetic phenomena in species are species-specific regulatory systems that give species internal cohesion.Each of the twenty chapters of the original edition has been revised; six have been ...

  

Systematics and Origin of P

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Ernst Mayr (Author)

Systematics and Origin of P

Editura: HARVARD UNIV PR

Anul aparitiei: 1999

This study, first published in 1942, helped to revolutionize evolutionary biology by offering a new approach to taxonomic principles, and correlating the ideas and findings of modern systematics with those of other life disciplines. This book is one of the foundational documents of the Evolutionary Synthesis. It is the book in which Ernst Mayr pioneered his concept of species based chiefly on such biological factors as interbreeding and reproductive isolation, taking into account ecology, geography and life history. In the introduction to this edition, Mayr reflects on the place of this work in the subsequent history of his field.

  

Toward a New Philosophy of Biology: Observations

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Ernst Mayr (Author)

Toward a New Philosophy of Biology: Observations of an Evolutionist

Editura: HARVARD UNIV PR

Anul aparitiei: 1989

A collection of 28 essays, five previously unpublished, grouped into nine categories: Philosophy, Natural Selection, Adaptation, Darwin, Diversity, Species, Speciation, Macroevolution, and Historical Perspective. The book, Ernst Mayr notes in the Foreword, is an attempt "to strengthen the bridge between biology and philosophy, and point to the new direction in which a new philosophy of biology will move."

  

The Species Problem: A Symposium Presented at the

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Ernst Mayr (Editor)

The Species Problem: A Symposium Presented at the Atlanta Meeting of the American Association for the Advancement of Science

Editura: LITERARY LICENSING LLC

Anul aparitiei: 2012

Additional Contributors Are Verne Grant, John Imbrie, Ernst Mayr, John A. Moore, C. Ladd Prosser, And T. M. Sonneborn. December 28-29, 1955.

  

Birds of the Southwest Pacific: A Field Guide to

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Ernst Mayr (Author)

Birds of the Southwest Pacific: A Field Guide to the Birds of the Area Between Samoa, New Caledonia, and Micronesia

Editura: LITERARY LICENSING LLC

Anul aparitiei: 2012

Preface By Robert Cushman Murphy. Edited By Margaret B. Hickey.

  

Die Entwicklung Der Biologischen Gedankenwelt:

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Ernst Mayr (Author)

Die Entwicklung Der Biologischen Gedankenwelt: Vielfalt, Evolution Und Vererbung

Editura: SPRINGER VERLAG GMBH

Anul aparitiei: 1984

"Ein einzigartiges Buch, das nur von einem Mann wie Ernst Mayr geschrieben werden konnte, der nicht

  

Die Entwicklung Der Biologischen Gedankenwelt:

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Ernst Mayr (Author)

Die Entwicklung Der Biologischen Gedankenwelt: Vielfalt, Evolution Und Vererbung

Editura: SPRINGER PG

Anul aparitiei: 2002

"Ein einzigartiges Buch, das nur von einem Mann wie Ernst Mayr geschrieben werden konnte, der nicht nur einer der bedeutendsten Evolutionsbiologen dieses Jahrhunderts, sondern auch ein groer Philosoph, Biologiehistoriker und auergewohnlicher Schriftsteller ist. Kein anderes Buch erzahlt so klar und kritisch die Evolution der Ideen, die zur modernen Biologie fuhrten." (Nobelpreistrager Francois Jacob)

  

Graph-Theoretic Concepts in Computer Science: 18th

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Ernst W. Mayr (Editor)

Graph-Theoretic Concepts in Computer Science: 18th International Workshop, Wg '92, Wiesbaden-Naurod, Germany, June 18-20, 1992. Proceedings

Editura: SPRINGER VERLAG GMBH

Anul aparitiei: 1993

The 18th International Workshop on Graph-Theoretic Concepts in Computer Science (WG '92) was held in Wiesbaden-Naurod, Germany, June 18-20, 1992. Itwas organized by the Department of Computer Science, Johann Wolfgang Goethe University, Frankfurt am Main. Contributions with original results inthe study and application of graph-theoretic concepts in various fields of computer science were solicited, and 72 papers were submitted and reviewed, from which 29 were selected for presentation at the workshop. The workshop was attended by 61 scientists from 16 countries. All 29 papers in the volume have undergone careful revision after the meeting, based on the discussions and comments from the audience and the referees. The volume is divided into parts on restricted graph classes, scheduling and related problems, parallel anbd distributed algorithms, combinatorial graph problems, graph decomposition, graph grammars and geometry, and modelling by graphs.

  

Stacs 95: 12th Annual Symposium on Theoretical

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Ernst W. Mayr (Editor)

Stacs 95: 12th Annual Symposium on Theoretical Aspects of Computer Science, Munich, Germany, March 2-4, 1995. Proceedings

Editura: SPRINGER VERLAG GMBH

Anul aparitiei: 1995

This book presents the proceedings of the 12th Annual Symposium on Theoretical Aspects of Computer Science (STACS 95), held in Munich, Germany in March 1995. Besides three invited talks, the book contains revised versions of 53 research papers selected from a total of 180 submissions. The contributions address all current aspects of theoretical computer science; they are organized in sections on complexity theory, automata theory, algorithms, logic, theory of parallel computing, communication theory, graph theory and databases, and computational geometry.

  

Das Ist Biologie: Die Wissenschaft Des Lebens

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Ernst Mayr (Author)

Das Ist Biologie: Die Wissenschaft Des Lebens

Editura: SPRINGER PG

Anul aparitiei: 2000

Ernst Mayr Das ist Biologie Die Wissenschaft des Lebens Lebewesen lassen sich nicht auf die Gesetze der Physik und Chemie reduzieren; sie mussen auf jeder Stufe ihrer Organisation verstanden werden. Ernst Mayr veranschaulicht, warum der zweifellos bei vielen Fragestellungen sehr erfolgreiche Reduktionismus letztlich nicht hinreichen kann, die naturliche Welt in ihrer immensen Komplexitat zu erklaren. Die Biologie ist nicht zuletzt eine historische Wissenschaft, und Das ist Biologie? lat sich auch als eine "Lebensgeschichte" dieser Disziplin lesen. Der Bogen spannt sich von den Wurzeln der Naturforschung in den Werken des Aristoteles uber die Revolution, welche die Biologie durch Darwin erfuhr, bis hin zu den spektakularen Fortschritten durch den breiten Einzug molekularer Ansatze. Ernst Mayrs Buch vermittelt ein faszinierendes Bild von der Bedeutung und vom Reichtum der Biologie. ca. 416 S., geb. DM 49,80/oS 364, -/sFr 46, - ISBN 3-8274-0270-0 Ersch.-Termin: April 1998 STO: Sachbuch "Ein intellektuell meisterhafter Uberblick uber die groen Fragen in der Biologie, klar und voller Energie." James D. Watson Der Autor: Ernst Mayr ist Professor emeritus fur Zoologie an der Harvard ...

  

This Is Biology: The Science of the Living World

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Ernst Mayr (Author)

This Is Biology: The Science of the Living World

Editura: HARVARD UNIV PR

Anul aparitiei: 1998

Biology until recently has been the neglected stepchild of science, and many educated people have little grasp of how biology explains the natural world. Yet to address the major political and moral questions that face us today, we must acquire an understanding of their biological roots. This magisterial new book by Ernst Mayr will go far to remedy this situation. An eyewitness to this century's relentless biological advance and the creator of some of its most important concepts, Mayr is uniquely qualified to offer a vision of science that places biology firmly at the center, and a vision of biology that restores the primacy of holistic, evolutionary thinking.As he argues persuasively, the physical sciences cannot address many aspects of nature that are unique to life. Living organisms must be understood at every level of organization; they cannot be reduced to the laws of physics and chemistry. Mayr's approach is refreshingly at odds with the reductionist thinking that dominated scientific research earlier in this century, and will help to redirect how people think about the natural world.This Is Biology can also be read as a "life history" of the discipline--from its roots in the ...

  
 
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